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One of the Most Important Diagnostic Test Results Affecting Case Values in Soft Tissue Injury Cases

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One of the Most Important Diagnostic Test Results Affecting Case Values in Soft Tissue Injury Cases

By Christopher Quigley DC 

Recently at the Massachusetts Association of Trial Attorneys (MATA) holiday party an attorney told me that one of his goals in 2017 was to raise his case value.   As you have noticed settlement values have been on a steady downward trend for many years.   Some of the decrease in claim value has been the result of insurers bad faith efforts to make their customers premiums an income stream for their corporate shareholders.   Some of the decrease is related to the lack of documentation provided to attorneys by the health care industry. The high overhead of the medical practitioner ($100K+ malpractice premiums for a surgeon), coupled with ever decreasing reimbursements, necessitates a high-volume practice and too many critical details in in the doctor’s documentation is left out. 

According to James Mathis, a former claims senior supervisor and management specialist for State Farm and Allstate who instituted these claims processing/reducing algorithms, there are 4 case value drivers:

  • Injuries
  • Impairment rating
  • Duties Under Duress: activities which you can do, but it hurts
  • Functional Loss:  activities that you can no longer do  

A critical component is the impairment rating.   This is due to the fact that the impairment rating unlocks the value in the “Duties Under Duress” and the “Functional Loss” categories.  According to Attorney Michael Schafer in his class titled “Demand Packages and Colossus” the impairment rating can unlock up to 75% of claim value.1   

The key test that unlocks an impairment rating in soft tissue (ligamentous damage) cases is called Computerized Radiographic Mensuration Analysis (CRMA).   This test is the best way to document ligament laxity.   It is my experience that up to 70% of your female and 50% of your male clients have this injury and that it is not being documented.     

Dr. Bill Gallagher writes in the Attorney at Law Magazine, Greater Phoenix Edition:

Ligament damage, the main underlying cause of soft tissue injuries can be measured with the proper x-rays and CRMA. When done so, a 25-28% impairment rating can be established.”2

The technical name for ligament laxity and damage is Alteration of Motion Segment Integrity (A.O.M.S.I.).   The AMA Guides to the Evaluation of Permanent Impairment 5th edition, page 378 describes A.O.M.S.I. as:

“A.O.M.S.I. can be either loss of motion segment integrity (increased translation or angular motion) or decreased motion resulting mainly from developmental changes, fusion, fracture healing, healed infection or surgical arthrodesis (surgical fusion).”3

On page 379 the AMA Guides describes the definitions and how to determine its presence:

“Motion of the individual spinal segments cannot be determined by a physical examination, but is evaluated with flexion and extension roentgenograms.  Loss of motion segment integrity is defined as an anteroposterior motion of one vertebra over another that is:

  • greater than 3.5 mm in the cervical spine
  • greater than 2.5 mm in the thoracic spine
  • greater than 4.5 mm in the lumbar spine

Loss of motion segment is also defined as difference in angular motion of two adjacent motion segments greater than:

  • 15 degrees at L1-2, L2-3 and L3-4
  • 20 degrees at L4-5
  • 25 degrees at L5-S1
  • More than 11 degrees greater than at either adjacent level in the cervical spine”4

Practitioners as myself, who are trained and specialize in biomechanical failure as a routine course of examination take motion x-rays immediately when the patient first arrives and again in 60 days.   The initial x-rays may have muscle spasm and muscle guarding reducing the motion of the spine.  After 60 days, the muscle spasm should be reduced to a reasonable level and demonstrably reveal persistent pathology both biomechanically and of the connective tissue.  

According to Attorney Schaffer in his video conference on minor impact soft tissue injuries, insurance companies reserve $60,000 when they see a diagnosis of ligament laxity.5 

A caveat is that you need to have a “Colossus ready” demand package to create a “fair and equitable” claim value.  One attorney, when I sent him this info, put together a two page demand with very little description of the injuries suffered by the client.   Combined with the untrained adjustor and the computerized cost containment program, lead to his “low ball settlement offer.” This is common with too many lawyers and is a process that can be reversed to realize fair and equitable settlements.

Attorney Schaffer’s’ courses from the MATA webinar archives (he provides a sample demand package for you in both) helps train you on this matter. Should you want more information, my office will help guide you through the steps to learn more about the technology used by the carriers to value your claims.

References:

  1. Michael Schafer, Esq.  Demand Brochures and Colossus, Seminar Web, December 1, 2016 www.seminarweb.com
  2. http://www.attorneyatlawmagazine.com/phoenix/the-golden-rules-of-personal-injury-settlements/
  3. Cocchiarella, Linda, and Gunnar B.J. Andersson. Guides to the Evaluation of Permanent Impairment. 5th ed. AMA, Print. Page 378
  4. Cocchiarella, Linda, and Gunnar B.J. Andersson. Guides to the Evaluation of Permanent Impairment. 5th ed. AMA, Print. Page 379
  5. Michael Schafer, Esq.  Maximizing the Value of M.I.S.T. Cases, Seminar Web, July 28, 2016 www.seminarweb.com

Dr. Christopher J. Quigley is a practicing chiropractor and has been in clinical practice on Boston’s Beacon Hill for over 26 years. He is a 1990 graduate of New York Chiropractic College and a 1986 graduate of Villanova University. He is the author of the “After the Car Crash.” His automobile accident smart phone app is “Crash Assist.” He is a member of The Society of Automotive Engineers, Certified in Spinal Trauma and is an associate member of MATA.  He specializes in Plaintiff IME’s and he can be reached at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or 617-720-1992.

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